What is Hair Transplant?

A hair transplant procedure is a cosmetic procedure where in the plastic surgeon tends to the cases of balding by moving hair to the bald area. Hair loss and balding can be a major cause of concern and also lead to lowered self-confidence. In the procedure, the surgeon moves hair from the areas like the back of the head or the sides to the bald area. With a hair transplant procedure you can undo pattern baldness and it may even help you gain back your lost confidence. Hair loss and resultant balding can be due to several factors like- genetics, improper diet, hormonal imbalance, medications, stress, etc. Whatever may be the cause, a hair transplant procedure can be done to fill in the bald area or area with less density of hair.

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Who can Go for It?

Anyone experiencing baldness due to extreme hair fall can opt for a hair transplant. It can boost your self-confidence by improving your looks and giving you hair in the areas you have lost it from.

The following candidates can undergo the procedure

Men with male pattern baldness
Anyone who has scarsdue to an accident, injury or burns, etc
Women who are experiencing hair thinning
Women who have a high hairline
Men with thin or no beard/moustache
Eyebrow and eyelash hair loss

In addition to the above, to be an ideal candidate for a hair transplant there needs to be the following:

Enough hair on the scalp or body for transplanting to the problem area, or
Possibility of regrowth of hair in the areas with hair thinning

Hair transplant procedures generally are not for the following:

Persons with hair loss spreading over bigger area throughout the scalp in a widespread pattern with a poor or little donor area
Widespread Alopecia areata
Medical conditions of the scalp prohibiting transplant

Hair Transplant: Types and Procedures

Once you consult with a plastic surgeon and share your expectations, he will examine your scalp and your hair concerns. The surgeon will assess your scalp condition and see the scope of hair available for transplant and the potential for new hair growth. On the day of the procedure, your scalp will be thoroughly cleaned and then local anesthesia will be administered.

There are two types of hair transplant procedures:

Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT)

The surgeon will cut out a strip of skin from the area with hair follicles from the donor area. The incision on this area will then be closed by stitches. The strip so extracted would generally contain Follicular Units (FUs) with 1 to 4 hairs per unit. Using a microscope the strip of donor skin is separated into tiny follicular units which are then inserted into the desired area. Also known as Follicular Unit Strip Surgery (FUS).

Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)

The surgeon, using a tiny punch tool, will extract small follicles of hair from the donor area. These grafts would also contain about 1 to 4 hair follicles. These are then inserted into the bald spot. This procedure does not require stitching and also, a long scar is avoided, though scarring will be there but hidden in hairs

Both are effective procedures, but the selection depends on the balding situation and the desired results.

The procedure takes anywhere between 4-10 hours, depending on how many grafts are to be transplanted. In some cases, more than one session may be required to complete the  transplantation procedure, fixed at long intervals to give time for proper recovery after each sitting. If there are stitches, they will be removed after two weeks from each sitting.

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Recovery Process

You may experience some soreness and itching, for which your surgeon will prescribe you medication along with pain medications, antibiotics to prevent any possible infections, and even anti-inflammatory pills. Recovery is not so difficult, and you can resume daily chores and work in a few days after the surgery. If you experience some hair fall from the transplant area, it is normal as this would make way for new hair growth in that area.

To Conclude!

A hair transplant surgery is a fairly simpler cosmetic procedure. It helps you regain your lost confidence due to hair loss. Most people see new hair growth within eight to twelve months after the procedure, though it may depend on a number of factors that have to do with your body and health. It is necessary to share your expectations with your surgeon and also to know your scalp’s condition and potential for new hair growth. Hair transplant has been a highly successful procedure in the cosmetic surgery industry, thus, helping those dealing with baldness and hair thinning.